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India - s Wildlife Heritage, extinction of wildlife, Essay for Students The cock’s crow—kook-doo-koo— our natural alarm, wakes us up and sounds much sweeter than irritating trin-trin of an alarm. Sweet chirp of birds, soothing fragnances of colourful flowers, incredible beauty of springs, lakes, flowing rivers, snowcapped mountains, green-canopied forests, varieties of flora and fauna. Adorable natural treasures. Unbeatable! “Wildlife”, life in wilderness, actually includes birds, animals and forests in natural environment. Our country, India, a vast subcontinent, is home to varieties of flora, fauna and many of them endemic species as well, occupying 4.95% of total landmass having 1,61,221 square kilometres’ area. Subtropical moonsoonal climate, temperature gradient of 50° centigrade and 21.5% forest-covered area facilitate diverse range of wildlife territory. India is a vast reservoir of 75,000 species of fauna (340 mammals, essay writing CNN founder Ted Turner: Network sticking with politics a little too much | TheHill birds, 420 reptiles, 140 amphibians, 2,000 fishes, 5,000 insects, 4,000 molluscs, and lower invertebrates) and nearly 45,000 floral species. Endemism is basically a habit of organisms, residing at a particular place. No wonder, India is only home to various species mainly found at North-eastern, North-western-Himalayan, Western Ghats and Andaman & Nicobar Islands regions. To our kitty 33% of total plant species are endemic, i.e. Saparia Himalayan, Ovarian lurida, Nepenthis khasian, etc. On the other hand, lion-tailed macaque, nilgiri langur, brown palm civet, nilgiri tahr are few faunal endemic species. Apart from these, India is also home to varieties of animals, like Bengal tigers, Indian rhinoceros, Indian white tumped vulture, Indian lions, deer, pythons, wolves, foxes, bears, crocodiles, camels, wild dogs, monkeys, snakes, antelopes, bison species, Asian elephants, etc. Also, medicinal plants, herbs are mainly found on our land i.e. neem, tulsi, pipal, turmeric, sandalwood, fig, banyan ashvagandha, etc. Sal, teak, babul and bamboo are some timberwood trees which are dominant species of moist and dry deciduous, thorn and tropical forests of Indian arena. India is a mega-diversity country bestowed with Indo-Himalaya ecozone region, which alone has 60-70% of the world’s biodiversity to its credit. Where 7.6% all mammalian, 12.6% avian, 6.2% of reptilian animals and 6.0% flowering plant species surviving on our motherland. The region’s rich colourful wildlife is preserved in 93 National Parks (where no human activity is allowed) covering essay topics Listen to a stunning new version of David BowieвЂ™s вЂBang BangвЂ™ cover area, 512 wildlife sanctuaries (limited human essay writing CNN founder Ted Turner: Network sticking with politics a little too much | TheHill are permitted), 18 bio-reserves (where no economic activities like sand and stone mining are performed), 18 wet lands registered under Ramsar Convention, 63 zoos (facilitated houses to showcase wild animals) which fall under protected areas roughly covering 4.93% of total landmass according to Forestry and Wildlife Statistics of India 2011. At the same Deep Dives Into How Poetry Works (and Why You Should Care), we are privileged to host 3 major mega-bio-diversity hotspots (i.e. treasure house of wildlife species) namely — forests People mostly come up with thoughts that these animals, birds, rivers, mountains, forests, oceans exist just to beautify nature. Wrong! These not only make our surrounding worth watching, but also are integral part or part and parcel of human existence and survival of living things on earth. Of course, environment, biotic and abiotic substances contribute equally to keeping this planet alive and moving. Different kinds of forests, tropical, deciduous, rain forests, grasslands, mangroves, swampy marshlands have unique properties Humans werenвЂ™t designed to be rational, and we benefit hugely from our mental biases solve purposes of its flourishing flora and fauna. Similarly do rivers, oceans, snow-capped mountains, plains, plateaus, deserts, etc. which fulfil needs of life on them. Selflessly, they have been serving us for ages with food, fodder, shelter, clothing, basic amenities of life along with timber, dairy, poultry, fishery and various farm products. It is estimated that bio-products served to mankind are worth 3.2 billion dollars every year ! Majorly they contribute to sustaining life on earth. They primarily regulate energy-flow, mass-flow, maintaining food, water and mineral cycles which are natural principles determining life. Hence when we talk about existence of a particular species say tiger, it does not all live and survive by itself. But each and every living species is interlinked somehow to the other. Thus habitat it thrives on, species it preys on, its predators along with it get affected equally, i.e. exist and face extinction. But unfortunately since the dawn of civilisation, man has emerged most dominant species of all. Gone are the days when lion ruled the forests, now everything depends on the will of man. He has far and wide spread his arms of interference which has disturbed equilibrium of nature. As a result, its dire consequences are not far off from reality. They are : faulty practices of deforestation, hunting and poaching of wild animals, degradation of habitat, over exploitation of resources, overpopulation, increasing land-water-air pollution leading to global warming, melting of glaciers, rise of sea-level, shrinking of forest area and thus territories of wildlife. The bitter fruit of over encroachment of manual hands is resulting in extinction and endangering of species. Extinct are the species which are no longer alive, do not exist such as Dinosaurs, Archeopteryx, Tasmian Tiger, Quagga, Passanger Pigeon, Golden Toad, Indian Cheetah, Indian Aurochs, Sivatheruim, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Pink-headed Duck, etc. Along with them few plant species have also disappeared. Almost 17 species of plants are considered as possibly extinct. Further RED-data book reveals facts about endangered or threatened species. 132 plants and animals species are critically endangered in India. These are the species whose count is least and they are on verge of extinction in near future. Essay writing CNN founder Ted Turner: Network sticking with politics a little too much | TheHill Elephant, Asian Lion, Bengal Tiger, Indian Rhinoceros, Crocodile, Indian-ramped Vulture, Great Indian Bustard, Lion-tailed Macaque, Siberian White Crane, etc. are under threat. Rauvolfia Serpentina, Sandalwood tree, etc. are among endangered plant species. India houses few vulnerable species, which are facing continued decline in number. They are rare species, localised and restricted in area in Indian peninsula including Asian cheetah, Asian lion, wild ass, Bengal fox, Indian elephants and rhinoceros, marbled cat and markhor. But no problem is without solution. Many innovative conservation methods can be adopted including habitat management, establishment of protected areas, afforestation, rehabilitation of endangered species, and practising several breeding programmes. Mass education and promulgation of laws shall be helpful. Further, by celebrating various days, weeks and years designated for creating awareness of environmental issues specially we can teach our children to respect mother nature and her laws. We strictly need to discuss environmental issues. If we continue with our selfish deeds, then that day will not be far away when coming generation will acknowledge our wildlife on images. No! wake up ! if not much, then at least we can play little role by not harming innocent wildlife. We should step forward in keeping our country greener, cleaner and a healthier place for ourselves and our natural assets to flourish and sustain their existence. Till date, though we have done good job, so far as recent reports portray—tiger count got elevated to 2,226 mark with 30% rise from 1,706 in 2011 at 47 tiger reserves across country. When we talk about governmental initiatives then it is not far behind. It has planned a hefty budget of Rs. 292 crore for wildlife protection in 11th Five-Year Plan. Some time back, Maharashtra government banned beef consumption with promulgation of strict laws. Wildlife Protection Act, Forest Right Act, Project Tiger, Project Elephant, Project Rhinoceros Teacher Assigns Marvel Resume Task And Gets A Groot Reponse From A Student. have done a good job. A first all-bird park is going to be established at Udaipur, Rajasthan. Country’s wildlife heritage is a matter of pride and integrity. So we ought to look after them wholeheartedly. In brief, we can say that wild animals, birds and on the. whole, nature—are to be adored, should not be taken for granted. They serve us pricelessly. We have to think out of the box to safeguard them.